First celebrated as a historic success for peace and now through the failure of the deal on the brink of war again.
version created by CPD Policy Blog
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action
The Iran nuclear deal is also known as Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
It was an agreement on the Iranian nuclear program. All in all, seven countries took part in this agreement in 2015.
Iran itself as well as the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. Which includes China, France, Russia, United Kingdom and the United States. Additionally, Germany took part as well together with the European Union.
The aims of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action
- to uphold the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (This was a much older treaty.
With the aim to stop building nuclear weapons in the first place)
- to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons
- to stop Iran from buying nuclear weapons
- Reduction of uranium inventory (an important material needed to build nuclear weapons)
- controls by the International Atomic Energy Agency
- full openness and clarity about the nuclear program
- to stop the economic penalties of Iran
Peace is falling apart
The president of the United States is Donald Trump. He quit the Iran nuclear deal last year.
He wanted to keep a promise he gave during his election campaign.
He also carried out economic penalties against Iran again.
Donald Trump defends his decision. He says the Iran violated the agreement.
However, the International Atomic Energy Agency says that Iran has followed the terms of the negotiated deal.
Donald Trump also wants to put economic penalties to all other countries, which continue to trade with Iran.
This led to an economic crisis of Iran. As a result, Iran was no longer bound by the agreement.
Iran wants now to start the nuclear program again.
Political situation in the Middle East
Iran is an important country in the Middle East.
Unfortunately, the region struggles with a lot of problems. War, terrorism and human rights violations.
Iran is surrounded by other nuclear powers. Such as Pakistan, India, Israel or Russia.
Saudi-Arabia is like an enemy for Iran as well as Israel. And both countries are good friends with the United States.
Even though Saudi-Arabia and Israel are enemies themselves as well.
The direct neighbor Iraq has a history of war with Iran. The United States sees the Iran as outcast.
Which has led to the current situation. Iran is almost alone, and the chance of political cooperation is small.
Iran under pressure
The Iranian population has followed the deal itself closely and liked the deal.
They expected an improvement of welfare and an opening towards western countries.
They are the sufferers of this conflict.
Iran’s economic situation has worsened since economic penalties are in place again.
The inner political situation in Iran become more and more tense.
Hardliner are profiting from the disappointment of the population.
This could lead to anger and radicalization of society.
Also, the use of military forces is more likely.
The Iran nuclear deal was a compromise for all sides.
Iran was able to end its international loneliness for a brief moment.
But the worst effect is that no deal means a greater chance of more war for all.
The European Union needs to try harder to make the deal work. The most businesses are afraid to trade with Iran.
They fear the economic penalties by the United States. Now, Iran is again alone with no international support.
The government as well as the Iranian population is under pressure. This could lead to a worsening of the conflict.