Nagorno-Karabakh Peace Process

version created by CPD Policy Blog

What is the conflict about?

Nagorno-Karabakh is also called Artsakh.
It is a region between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
Armenia and Azerbaijan lie on the border between Asia and Europe.
Both countries say that this region belongs to their territory.
This conflict continues already over 100 years.
Countries like France, Russia and the United States tried to help.
And solve the conflict.
In 1994 Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed on a ceasefire.
But the conflict continues also with violent clashes.
Recently, the region Nagorno-Karabakh declared its independence.
However, it is not recognized by other countries.

Positive developments

The two countries set up direct communication channels.
And allowed journalists to visit the borderline.
High politicians from the two countries are meeting now regularly.
Unfortunately, these politicians are more interested in managing the conflict.
And not to solve it.
Therefore, the meetings did not meet the high expectations.

Joined Statement 2009 – 2012

1. Return of some land to Azerbaijan.
2. Nagorno-Karabakh gets a transition status to ensure security and independence.
3. Set up of a corridor to connect Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh.
4. The final legal status will be worked out in the future.
5. Refugees can return home.
6. They want a guarantee of security. This includes a possible peacekeeping operation.

Demands from Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan wants Armenia to take some measures.
For example, that Armenia moves back its armed forces out of Nagorno-Karabakh.
Or the definition of an independent Nagorno-Karabakh within the territory of Azerbaijan.
These are provocative statements.
And Azerbaijan threatens the peace process with it.

What to do next?

1. The use of offensive language must stop.
2. The results of the peace process so far must be strengthened.
3. The created communication channels must be used more often.
4. Workshops with all conflict parties must be organized.
The aim is to find a common and positive basis for discussions.