25 Years of the „Clash of Civilizations“

Europe’s ongoing Muslim immigration debate through the prism of Samuel Huntington’s Theory “Clash of Civilizations” – Theory Ever since the publication of Samuel Huntington’s article “The Clash of Civilizations?” in the Journal of Foreign Affairs in 1993, it has stirred considerable debate. Fast-forward twenty-five years later to today, Europe is …

Banning the Hijab in Austria

Christian Democrats in Defense of Religious Freedom It is as if one would fly back in time. In 1995, there was a rare incident in the Austrian Muslim community that attracted unfamiliar public attention. The then-president of the Islamic Religious Community in Austria, Ahmed Abdelrahimsai, called for a mandatory wearing …

Towards a Softer Approach to Counter-Terrorism in Europe

Following the terrorist attacks in Manhattan in 2001, Madrid in 2004 and London in 2005, the “War on Terrorism” has become the prevalent paradigm among policy makers. It is in this political climate that the EU Counter-Terrorism Strategy (EUCTS) was agreed. Its hard-approach measures have since disproportionately affected minorities and …

Islamic Diversity Adds to Social Cohesion in Post-Immigration Europe

The alleged ghosts haunting Post-Immigration Europe are varied, yet somehow related to Islam. For numerous reasons, Islam is perceived and described as an obstacle to social cohesion in Europe. However, these notions presume a relation between Islam and politics that does not reflect the faith of the majority of Muslims …